Print motivation is an interest in and enjoyment of books.
Why is it important? Children who enjoy books and reading will be curious about how to read. They will read more.
Phonological awareness is the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words.
Why is it important? Being able to hear the beginning and ending sounds that make up words will help children sound out words when they begin to read.
Vocabulary is knowing the names of things and the concepts of more/less, before/after, above/below, to name a few.
Why is it important? Children need to know the meaning of words to understand what they are reading. The more words they hear, the more ready they will be to make connections when they read.
Narrative skills is the ability to describe things and events and to tell stories.
Why is it important? Being able to talk about and explain what happens in a story helps a child understand the meaning of what he or she is reading. Good narrative skills lead to good comprehension.
Print awareness is noticing print everywhere, knowing how to handle a book and understanding how to follow the words on a page.
Why is it important? Before children learn to read they need to know the mechanic of how books and words work, books have words and pictures to tell a story reading from left to right, start at the front of the book, turning pages, holding the book upright.
Letter knowledge is knowing letters are different from each other, that the same letter can look different, and that each letter has a name and relates to specific sounds.
Why is it important? To read written words, children must understand that they are made up of individual letters and that each letter has it’s own name and sound.
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